Chocolate is good for your heart

August 10, 2017

???In this study, we showed that women with low hemoglobin levels have more inflammation as determined by blood markers. Inflammation is integrally involved in the atherosclerotic process. In addition, inflammation can cause low hemoglobin,??? Dr. Arant said. ???It is possible that inflammation is contributing to both the anemia and adverse events. However, some recent studies have shown that hemoglobin may be directly involved in vascular abnormalities that could potentially lead to adverse cardiovascular events. More research on this is clearly needed.???

The researchers collected only baseline measurements of hemoglobin. The data did not include the cause of anemia, whether it was treated, or whether hemoglobin levels in these women changed during the follow-up period.

Diana B. Petitti, MD, MPH, with the Southern California Kaiser Permanente Medical Group in Pasadena, Calif., noted that the best strategy for reducing morbidity and mortality is to identify and manage risk factors for cardiovascular disease.

???These data suggest that low hemoglobin is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The next step would be to determine whether screening for low hemoglobin and interventions to raise hemoglobin would alter the likelihood of developing disease. The disappointing findings about the effect of hormone replacement as a strategy for preventing cardiovascular disease in women makes identification of other ways to prevent cardiovascular disease in women a high priority,??? Dr. Petitti said.

The American College of Cardiology, a 29,000-member nonprofit professional medical society and teaching institution, is dedicated to fostering optimal cardiovascular care and disease prevention through professional education, promotion of research, leadership in the development of standards and guidelines, and the formulation of health care policy.


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